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Creation of EWC bodies – evolution

After more than two decades of operation, the total number of transnational bodies for information and consultation (EWCs created) has reached 1529, while 1150 of them are curently (April 2018) active (operating). We have observed a steady, though moderate (and gradually declining) growth pace in the number of EWCs each year. The rate of the creation of such bodies was highest in 1996 (introduction of Directive 94/45/EC and deadline for voluntary EWC agreements) and in 1999–2000 (extension of Directive 94/45/EC to UK and Ireland). Since 2002, the annual number of newly created EWCs has been, on average, 30–35, with on average 20-25 new ones per year creted in the past 5 years.

On the other hand, EWCs have also been terminated as a result of various processes: mergers between multinational companies (MNCs), acquisitions/takeovers or the bankruptcy of MNCs.

For more and the most recent statistics on EWCs visit http://www.ewcdb.eu/stats-and-graphs.

Further reading:

De Spiegelaere and Jagodzinski (2015) 'European Works Councils and SE works councils 2015. Facts and figures.'

De Spiegelaere (2017) 'Too little, too late? Evaluating the European Works Councils Recast Directive', Report, ETUI.

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